Investigating a variety of raw materials and pushing their intrinsic limitations to the point of beauty or, often a disaster, is continually enthralling. I cherish working with conceptually rich materials whose history is physically evident. Imagine a copper penny lying on the sidewalk. On that stamped coin there are dents, scratches, a dull patina and a worn down image of Abraham Lincoln. Each irregularity is further evidence of its history of being passed through the hands of countless people. When that penny is picked up and used to fabricate art it is inherently layered with rich stories of struggle and triumph. Through technique and design my artwork manipulates materials and forms that evoke pride in American working-class heroes and highlight America’s iconographic history. The artwork and jewelry created are celebrations of American families and the blue-collar work ethic that binds the heart of the United States.