I work gold like clay; pushing, pulling and sculpting, not with fingers, but with hammers and stakes. The end result? The transformation of unyielding metal into the softer contours of natural life: small, tactile sculptures that provide little glimpses into nature; the ripple of water, the fragility of a petal, the broken edge of a dried leaf. The hammer is the most frequently utilized tool in my studio. A range of hammers and steel stakes help to create fluid forms via techniques such as raising, sinking, forging, and sculpting. The tool marks from this process become an integral part of the finished piece. Precious and some semi-precious stones are used, but rarely become the focal point of the work.